The ability to read aloud with appropriate rate, expression, accuracy, and automaticity.

Fluent reading is critical because it facilitates reading comprehension by allowing the reader to focus his attention on the author’s message rather than on how to say the words.​

Rasinski, Reutzel, Chard, & Linon-Thompson, 2011

Continuum of Skills:
Simple to Complex

Letter Level

Sound Level

Word Level

Phrase / Sentence Level

Passage Level


Assessment is the process of asking questions about students’ reading skills and gathering information to answer those questions.​

-Stephanie Stollar​


Evidence-aligned resources to support classroom practice.

Browse the 5 Critical Reading Components